|Fig: Production arrangement in dress industry|
Factors of garment product organization:
Garment production organisation depends on close to factors. They are:
- Company affordability
- Equipment that direct involved amongst workflow
- Items of finished products
- Machine or floor layout
- Management philosophy
- Materials handling arrangement
- Personnel preparation
- Production processes
Principles of choosing a production arrangement:
|Fig: Principles of Apparel product system|
Types of product systems inward the apparel industry:
There are three main types of clothes product system. According to different ways, they are in below:
A. Production systems that are based on guild quantity
B. Production systems that are based on client nature
C. Production systems that includes on organizational selection
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1. Types of production systems that are based on order quantity:
- Individual product or make through arrangement
- Batch production
- Mass production
1. Individual production or brand through system:
It is the traditional method. In which the entire garment is assembled past i operator like a tailor. Each production is made entirely in one case or inward very small quantities. The system requires highly skilled, experienced operator too versatile machinery. In this arrangement tailor make the all jobs like pattern making, textile cut, in conclusion finish the garments for completing the garment guild. This organization also called whole garment production system.
There are ii types of whole garment production systems:
- Complete whole garment too
- Departmental whole garment.
2. Batch product:
It is used for larger, though fixed, quantities of identical products either for stock or to lodge.
three. Mass production:
Mass product means that large quantities of identical products are made continuously. The high utilization of machinery and undertaking allows a high level of automation together with specification.
B. Types of production systems that are based on customer nature:
- Bespoke production
- Industrial production
one. Bespoke Production:
This type of product system is including for individual clients or pocket-sized group of peoples. H5N1 garment is made according to individual size in addition to requirements.
- Cost is low.
- No ask of pattern.
- Use ane or more issue of k/cs.
- Low run a risk.
- Fabric wastage is high.
- More fourth dimension required.
two. Industrial production:
Industrial product organisation is function for bulky production, they must follow criterion mensuration nautical chart together with keep special requirements for target consumer groups.
- Cost is high.
- Low material wastage.
- Takes less fourth dimension.
- Pattern must be needed.
- Many machines are required.
- Risk is high.
C. Types of product systems that includes on organizational option:
- Manual systems
- Mechanical organization
Manual system is the traditional methods of garment product. This type of product organization is effectively use for creative garment pattern too where the way variations are large. In manual organisation the product quantities are pocket-sized.
For example – Sewing room of a boutique or fashion menage.
Manual systems are divided into vi types:
one. Section or Processes system:
In secondection or processes organisation more skilled operators are needed to run up garment part from beginning to the stop. This organisation includes a minor influence of personnel changes together with easy manner changes. Sewing room has a number of sections; to consummate all the operations for every garment factor required more than versatile operators. When one section ends and then it is passed on to the side by side section. But this organisation is required more than time. This department create garments according to style. Some working steps are:
- Pre-assembling (training of making pocket-size parts)
- Front side making
- Back side making
- Main-assembly (closing, setting collar too sleeves,..)
- Lining making
- Setting linings
- Finishing operation
ii. Piece rate production arrangement:
In slice rate production organization, operators are getting their payment according to their product pieces of garment (how many pieces are they produced). It is 1 of the nigh famous product systems for both pocket-sized as well as big dress factories.
three. Clump arrangement:
In the clump organisation operator collect the garment office from the worktable in addition to get-go the operation. After finish the run, he returns it to the worktable. A worker for the moment performance so continues the function too and so on. It is the continuous process until the whole garment has been assembled. This process is function like that
iv. Flexible catamenia organisation:
In this organisation numbers of operators are needed for each performance. Number of machine are accommodate according to the menstruum of run. It can live planned using the accurate number of operations inward sequence. For manner A garment, operator i do his functioning i so mail it to operator two. After completing the one in addition to minute operations, operator ii sends the both performance to the operator iii. After functioning three, the go is continued by the two operators performing functioning iv together with so on.
five. One slice flow organisation or Progressive packet system:
Progressive Bundle System (PBS) is likewise called one slice menstruation organization or cloth treatment system. It is a traditional product system that widely used inwards garment manufacturing from early on catamenia to still straightaway. After complete the fabric cutting, and then various components of material parts are to make package together with distributed to the sewing department. Bundle ticket is attached to cut parts. One operator is tried to perform the same operation on all the parts in the packet. When 1 operator finish his/her go and so garment bundles are act from other operator. For sewing a garment, numbers of operators are needed. Bundles are handling by the Tied bundles, Bags, Pocketed bags, Boxes and baskets, Bundle trucks, etc
half dozen. Straight-job or Synchro- organisation:
To make garment manufacturing procedure, dissimilar operations are divided into several parts just the fixed the same time to complete this operation. To complete entirely ane garment group of operators are needed. When one grouping of operators finish their function and then it choke to the next operator. Distribution may live done hand by manus or a conveyor belt.
In synchro- organization different garment parts like collars, sleeves, cuffs, steal etc with the same size, color tin can live processed together. When all is done then all parts are post central business for assembling a consummate garment.
There are five types of production arrangement in the clothes industry.
ane. Assembly line product organisation:
Assembly line production arrangement is mainly planned for a sequential organisation. Each operator is appointed solely for i performance. Garment parts are act from operator to operator.
2. Overhead production system or Unit Production System (UPS):
For dress manufacturing, advance mechanical organization similar overhead product system or unit of measurement product organisation (UPS) is role widely. In this organisation a single garment is transferred automatically via a estimator-controlled overhead handling organisation to complete the sequence of each functioning.
- Automatically move the garment parts from 1 function home to other operate place.
- Use 1 hanger that contains more than clips to hang all the parts of garment.
- Hanging carrier tin can be moving in both manual in addition to computerized way.
- Time consuming together with footling go-in-progress.
- Number of machine tin be adjusted.
- Increase productivity in addition to ameliorate lineament.
- Reduced task toll.
- High investment required.
- Need proper planning.
- Handling equipments are highly expensive.
- Special training required for task.
three. Selective conveyor belt organization:
It is the very common mechanical equipment handling organization. In conveyor arrangement automatically feed the material or working containers to ane operator to other. This organisation is more pop in textile handling in addition to dress manufacturing industries. For saving the fourth dimension together with quick production this system is more than effective.
A typical conveyor organisation is mainly three types:
- Main conveyor
- Top belt
- Lower belt
four. Quick response sewing arrangement:
Quick response sewing organization peculiarly role for minor lot social club. Every operate station will get together with four-five machines. Operators are completed their all the operations inward that station before it is moved to other work station. If there is a bottleneck inwards one section, the overload is automatically moved to other stations where operator capacity is available. All the garment parts are hanged on the hanging clamp that attached to the trolley. It is a estimator controlled together with overhead trolley arrangement.
five. Modular Production Systems (MPS):
In modular production system, group of sewing operators are go together to encounter their destination effectively. Usually 4-15 labors are go inwards ane group. Every members of sewing squad helps to each other to brand a high lineament garment. For getting quick product this system is more effective. Multi skilled operators are needed to make this performance. The sewing line layout is gear up inwards U –shaped. In modular product organization work-inward-progress (WIP) is less.
- Flexibility is high.
- Low wastages.
- Employee absence volition live depression.
- Produce high quality garment.
- Equipment cost is high.
- Employee preparation investment is high.
- Team members are depends on each other that affects on product.
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