Embroidery: Classification, Tools Too Techniques

westwardhat is Embroidery?
Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating textile or other materials amongst needle too thread. Experts believe that this craft made on fabric lasts long too makes the textile await attractive.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Different types of embroidery

Process of Embroidery:
Generally embroidery processes are two types-

  1. Manual or Hand Embroidery.
  2. Automatic or Machine Embroidery.

Tools of Embroidery (Machine embroidery):

  1. Embroidery Machine
  2. Computer
  3. Design software
  4. Laser cutting automobile for applique
  5. Fusing automobile for applique
  6. Spray
  7. Both side adhesive record
  8. Needle
  9. Thread
  10. Lining
  11. Foam
  12. Special types of textile

Types of Automatic Machine: Single Head And Multi Head

Needle Size: Mostly three sizes needle are used inwards embroidery auto.

  1. DB-seven for finer/thin textile
  2. DB-ix for normal fabric
  3. DB-eleven for thick cloth

Needle per bundle =10pcs

Types of thread: Polyester, metallic, multicolor, rog, sewing thread, silk, wool, cotton wool.

Types of Lining: Mesh, heat soluble, H2O soluble, 1035, 1025, one thousand B, particular, H&yard.

Types of Fusing: Dot fusing, woven material fusing, 1 side fusing and both side fusing.

Types of Spray: Silicon spray, Hygiene spray, Adhesive spray.

Special types of Fabric: Fur material, Woven towel, Woven sail, Taffeta (100% polyester), satin, Georgette, Samara, Chiffon

Special Accessories: Pompon, Pompon lase

Classification of Embroidery:
Embroidery is categorized by technique, era, sew together design or needlework appearance.

Stitches play an important office in the style an embroidery power wait. Embroidery is thus classified according to the stitches used inwards it. Artists may brand use of various stitches according to the desired outlook as well as the material beingness used. Main classes are-

Running Stitch: It is the about basic of all stitches together with can live used on either apparently or even weave textile. The run up is a versatile on with many uses, both in embroidery and patently sewing together with it is quick together with easy to operate. Any type of embroidery thread tin be used to operate the run up depending on the moisture of the earth fabric in addition to size of the run up. It is used inwards cutting operate as well as for outlining pattern.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Running sew embroidery

Whipped Running Stitch: It makes a heavier business than ordinary running run up, producing a raised all about corded effect. This sew together is used for outlines in addition to linear details because it follows intricate curves smoothly. Any type of embroidery thread tin be used to go the sew together simply to contrasting thread colors provided a more than decorative upshot than 1 color used alone.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Whipped running stitch embroidery

Holbein Stitch: (Also known every bit double running stitch, job sew together, ii sided job sew, 2 sided stroke sew together, foursquare sew, Romanian sew together as well as Chiara sew). This sew is a unproblematic stitch to work together with is used on fifty-fifty weave fabric, where the threads can be counted to ensure perfect regularity.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Holbein stitch

Back Stitch: Also known every bit indicate disable and stitching. Back stitch can be worked equally a fragile job stitch on both aeroplane as well as even weave material. It is as well used to make house foundation, rows for composite stitches.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Back stitch

Whipped Back Stitch: It makes a heavier line of work than back run up. This effect is created by it varies depending on the choice of whipping thread, purpose a heavy, shiny thread.

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Whipped back sew together

Embroidery Procedure:

Art function: It is the description canvas provided from merchandising department inward according to the buyer involve.

Design: It is the procedure of converting the pdf artwork file into JPG too then the JPG to BMP format too at concluding BMP to DST amongst the assistance of wilkom software.

Flow chart of embroidery procedure inwards clothes manufacture:

Mail from merchandising dept.

Develop pattern from pdf

Converting pdf to jpg

Converting jpg to BMP

Diagnosise inward wilcom

Design development

Origin betoken set up

Thread colour set

Stitch issue counting


Embroidery flowchart is given in next icon:

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Flow nautical chart of embroidery
Steps in bed grooming

Attatching lining

EMB expanse mark past sewing

Tapping the area

Cutting of the EMB area

Marking positioning bespeak

Cut slice gear up

Sampling

Check too maintenance

Bulk production


Flowchart of bed preparation is given in next picture:

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Flowchart of bed training

Sample: It is the installation of design into the embroidery car together with brand around sample to post the buyer to approval.

Bulk Production of Embroidery:


Flow nautical chart of bulk production

Making bed

Framing

Setting rootage indicate

Set stabilizer

Threading

Making cut slice

Checking

Set material

Operate auto


Flowchart of mass production is given in following icon:

Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and threa Embroidery: Classification, Tools and Techniques
Fig: Flowchart of volume production

Finishing: It is the procedure of cutting the extra lining thread, applique in addition to unnecessary accessories. To make mistake gratis embroidery production is the main chore of finishing.

Quality: It ensures all the requirements fulfilled every bit the buyer demand. If they notice whatsoever faults they modify or pass up the EMB product.

Delivery: To post the embroidery production to the adjacent process inwards time.

Quality Issues inwards Embroidery:

  1. Attaching Aesthetic Tape
  2. Stitch Overlap
  3. Grading Mistake
  4. Size Mistake
  5. Color Mistake
  6. Skip Stitch
  7. Lap Stitch
  8. Drop Stitch
  9. Tension Stitch
  10. Needle Hole Creating
  11. Applique Slippage
  12. Position Problem

Quality Requirements inwards Embroidery:

  1. Cutting Number
  2. Lot Number
  3. Bundle Number
  4. Body Serial Number
  5. Style Number
  6. Size Number

Quality Faults of Embroidery:

Quality Faults:

  • Cut Stitch
  • Skip Stitch
  • Broken Stitch
  • Open Stitch
  • Dirty Spot
  • Oil Spot
  • Pen Mark
  • Tension Loose
  • Fabric Hole

Sewing Problem:

  • Body Reject
  • Bundle Mistake
  • Size Mistake

Knitting Problem:

  • Yarn Missing
  • Crease Mark
  • Twisting
  • Print Spot
  • Puckering

Author of this Article:
Tareq Salman
Dept. of Textile Engineering
Mawlana Bhashani Science as well as Technology University
Tangail, Bangladesh
Email: tareqsalman27@gmail.com