Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating textile or other materials amongst needle too thread. Experts believe that this craft made on fabric lasts long too makes the textile await attractive.
|Fig: Different types of embroidery|
Process of Embroidery:
Generally embroidery processes are two types-
- Manual or Hand Embroidery.
- Automatic or Machine Embroidery.
Tools of Embroidery (Machine embroidery):
- Embroidery Machine
- Design software
- Laser cutting automobile for applique
- Fusing automobile for applique
- Both side adhesive record
- Special types of textile
Types of Automatic Machine: Single Head And Multi Head
Needle Size: Mostly three sizes needle are used inwards embroidery auto.
- DB-seven for finer/thin textile
- DB-ix for normal fabric
- DB-eleven for thick cloth
Needle per bundle =10pcs
Types of thread: Polyester, metallic, multicolor, rog, sewing thread, silk, wool, cotton wool.
Types of Lining: Mesh, heat soluble, H2O soluble, 1035, 1025, one thousand B, particular, H&yard.
Types of Fusing: Dot fusing, woven material fusing, 1 side fusing and both side fusing.
Types of Spray: Silicon spray, Hygiene spray, Adhesive spray.
Special types of Fabric: Fur material, Woven towel, Woven sail, Taffeta (100% polyester), satin, Georgette, Samara, Chiffon
Special Accessories: Pompon, Pompon lase
Classification of Embroidery:
Embroidery is categorized by technique, era, sew together design or needlework appearance.
Stitches play an important office in the style an embroidery power wait. Embroidery is thus classified according to the stitches used inwards it. Artists may brand use of various stitches according to the desired outlook as well as the material beingness used. Main classes are-
Running Stitch: It is the about basic of all stitches together with can live used on either apparently or even weave textile. The run up is a versatile on with many uses, both in embroidery and patently sewing together with it is quick together with easy to operate. Any type of embroidery thread tin be used to operate the run up depending on the moisture of the earth fabric in addition to size of the run up. It is used inwards cutting operate as well as for outlining pattern.
|Fig: Running sew embroidery|
Whipped Running Stitch: It makes a heavier business than ordinary running run up, producing a raised all about corded effect. This sew together is used for outlines in addition to linear details because it follows intricate curves smoothly. Any type of embroidery thread tin be used to go the sew together simply to contrasting thread colors provided a more than decorative upshot than 1 color used alone.
|Fig: Whipped running stitch embroidery|
Holbein Stitch: (Also known every bit double running stitch, job sew together, ii sided job sew, 2 sided stroke sew together, foursquare sew, Romanian sew together as well as Chiara sew). This sew is a unproblematic stitch to work together with is used on fifty-fifty weave fabric, where the threads can be counted to ensure perfect regularity.
|Fig: Holbein stitch|
Back Stitch: Also known every bit indicate disable and stitching. Back stitch can be worked equally a fragile job stitch on both aeroplane as well as even weave material. It is as well used to make house foundation, rows for composite stitches.
|Fig: Back stitch|
Whipped Back Stitch: It makes a heavier line of work than back run up. This effect is created by it varies depending on the choice of whipping thread, purpose a heavy, shiny thread.
|Fig: Whipped back sew together|
Art function: It is the description canvas provided from merchandising department inward according to the buyer involve.
Design: It is the procedure of converting the pdf artwork file into JPG too then the JPG to BMP format too at concluding BMP to DST amongst the assistance of wilkom software.
Mail from merchandising dept.
Develop pattern from pdf
Converting pdf to jpg
Converting jpg to BMP
Diagnosise inward wilcom
Origin betoken set up
Thread colour set
Stitch issue counting
Embroidery flowchart is given in next icon:
|Fig: Flow nautical chart of embroidery|
EMB expanse mark past sewing
Tapping the area
Cutting of the EMB area
Marking positioning bespeak
Cut slice gear up
Check too maintenance
Flowchart of bed preparation is given in next picture:
|Fig: Flowchart of bed training|
Sample: It is the installation of design into the embroidery car together with brand around sample to post the buyer to approval.
Setting rootage indicate
Making cut slice
Flowchart of mass production is given in following icon:
|Fig: Flowchart of volume production|
Quality: It ensures all the requirements fulfilled every bit the buyer demand. If they notice whatsoever faults they modify or pass up the EMB product.
Delivery: To post the embroidery production to the adjacent process inwards time.
Quality Issues inwards Embroidery:
- Attaching Aesthetic Tape
- Stitch Overlap
- Grading Mistake
- Size Mistake
- Color Mistake
- Skip Stitch
- Lap Stitch
- Drop Stitch
- Tension Stitch
- Needle Hole Creating
- Applique Slippage
- Position Problem
Quality Requirements inwards Embroidery:
- Cutting Number
- Lot Number
- Bundle Number
- Body Serial Number
- Style Number
- Size Number
Quality Faults of Embroidery:
- Cut Stitch
- Skip Stitch
- Broken Stitch
- Open Stitch
- Dirty Spot
- Oil Spot
- Pen Mark
- Tension Loose
- Fabric Hole
- Body Reject
- Bundle Mistake
- Size Mistake
- Yarn Missing
- Crease Mark
- Print Spot
Author of this Article:
Dept. of Textile Engineering
Mawlana Bhashani Science as well as Technology University