Bangladesh Material Manufacture: Present Scenario, Future Prospects Together With Challenges

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Textile as well as habiliment sector plays a vital office inward the increment of economy; generation of more than than 65% of the state’s industrial exercise and 81% of the export net income. The industry employs nearly five meg workers of whom lxxx% are women. Until the liberation of Bangladesh, the textile sector was primarily an import-commutation manufacture. It began exporting ready-made garments (RMG) including woven, knitted too sweater garments inward 1978, which grew spectacularly during the side by side 2 and a half decades from USA$iii.v 1000000 inwards 1981 to U.S.A.$10.vii billion inward FY 2007. Apparel exports grew, only initially, the RMG industry was non adequately supported by the growth up and downwardly the domestic supply chain (e.g. spinning, weaving, knitting, material processing, in addition to the garment accessories industries). Until FY 1994, People’s Republic of Bangladesh’sec RMG manufacture was by and large subject on imported fabrics- the main textile sector (PTS) was non producing the necessary fabrics too yarn.

Textile  and clothing sector plays a vital role in the growth of economy Bangladesh Textile Industry: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges
Fig: Bangladesh textile manufacture

It is essential to identify too analyze the problems of master sectors. Supporting basic textile industries such equally spinning, weaving/knitting, dyeing together with finishing industries are known as backward linkage industries. RMG sector in addition to printing and packaging sector are known equally forrard linkage industries. From report of fabric sectors; it was establish that:

  • Most of the cloth mills are running with piteous capacity employment.
  • We are always dependent on the foreign mechanism too equally technicians.
  • We accept to borrow engineers/ experts from other countries; but this cannot be a long tern solution for the economic too technological growth of our land.
  • It is the good known to all of us that People’s Republic of Bangladesh lacks of necessary adequate inquiry in addition to evolution facilities.
Structure of the Textile Industry in Bangladesh:
There are two types of fabric manufacture in Bangladesh. They are as next:

A. Backward linkage industries:
Supporting basic textile industries such equally spinning, weaving/ knitting, dyeing too finishing industries are known equally backward linkage industries.

B. Forward linkage industries:
RMG sector, printing, as well as packaging sector are known equally forwards linkage industries. Most of the fabric industries are inward the private sector.

According to constructional edifice design, in that location are two types of cloth factory. They are as following:

1. Horizontal oriented cloth factory:
This factory or mills are constructed inwards ground flooring based industry. Generally heavy weight big machineries are placed at this type of manufactory.

ii. Vertically oriented fabric factory:
This manufactory or mills are vertically constructed as a multistoried type building. Normally they are five to eight stored building. Generally low-cal weight machinery is placed at meridian floor too heavy machinery is placed inward earth to outset floor. Process sequence or manufacturing steps are arranged according to production out pose. RMG is a vertically oriented manufactory.

Major Textile Sector in addition to Its Product:
Major fabric sectors of Bangladesh as well as its products are given inward next tabular array:

Table-1: Sector wise material products

Grey woven textile
Grey knit material
Dyeing as well as finishing
Dyed or printed fabric
Apparel or garments
Men, women together with babe wearable
Carpet, wind, hessian, together with sacking.
Silk yarn and silk cloth
Hand loom
Sharee (jamdani together with banarosi), lungi too gamsha.
Power loom
Sharee, lungi, gamsha too dissimilar woven fabric.

There are too roughly composite mills inwards our inwards country. Two or more than ii unlike mills are combined nether 1 management is called composite manufacturing plant.

The combination of composite mills can be following:

  • Weaving in addition to dyeing finishing
  • Knitting and knit dyeing
  • Dyeing, printing and garments
People’s Republic of Bangladesh export-oriented fix-made garments manufacturing too principal material (spinning , weaving, knitting, dyeing)sector alongside back upwards back up of the accessory (trimming together with packaging) industries, contribute 81 percentage to full export earning of the land.

The domestic cloth manufacture has made appreciable contribution to the rapid increase of Bangladesh RMG industry. International RMG buyers preferred Bangladesh mainly for ii reasons:

  1. Competitive prices of high book lower cease products together with
  2. Presence of a growing chief fabric industry capable of ensuring sizable render of inputs to RMG industry. In fact, the value improver of the RMG units using the inputs supplied by the local principal fabric manufacture is much more than equally compared to those subject totally on the imported inputs.
But the export oriented RMG industry is right away at stiff contest because of global trade liberalization under WTO rules as well as understanding on textiles and habiliment (ATC), inward the quota free globe. It is widely believed that the development of an effective backward linkage along alongside a well designed road map for future growth would have provided safeguard measures to retain in addition to expand the People’s Republic of Bangladesh material in addition to RMG export inwards the quota complimentary world.

Development of the textiles in addition to RMG industries calls for grooming of a pragmatic road map amongst synchronized strategic activeness plans in honor of technology, inputs, HRD, lineament, productivity, compliances as well as other merchandise promotion aspects. Preparation of road map essentially requires upwards-to-engagement data in aspect of by performances to analyze by in addition to introduce state of affairs in addition to describe out conclusions that would serve every bit a basic for futurity courses of activeness for evolution of the sector. On the other hand, the issues related to character, productivity, compliances too price minimization depend on sustainable provide of skilled human ability to the sector.

The requirement of yarns (Cotton, polyester, CVC, PC, mélange, acrylic, viscose), fabrics (woven, knit) together with RMG are vast compared to available capacity. To fill up upward the take render gap, there needed a huge amount of investment (DDI/FDI), capacity exercise of the existing m/c, skilled manpower (material engineers).

At present, the DOT (Department of Textile) has established MIS as well as website to complement the objective of the ministry building’sec require inward honour of information and database. Updated data nearly electric current scenario of cloth and RMG sectors of Bangladesh is available that website. Data were collected from following organizations:

  1. Bangladesh Textile Mills together with Exporters Association (BTMEA)
  2. People’s Republic of Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers too Exporters Association (BGMEA)
  3. People’s Republic of Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers too Exporters Association (BKMEA)
  4. Specialized Textiles & Power Loom Manufacturers in addition to Exporters Association
  5. Terry-Towel Linen manufacturers together with Exporters Association
  6. Bangladesh Dyed Yarn Exporters Association (BDYEA)
  7. Different material institutes too universities.
Importance of Textile Industry inwards People’s Republic of Bangladesh:
The cloth has been an extremely of import part of socio-economical evolution for a very long fourth dimension for a issue of reasons:
  • The textile manufacture is connected amongst meeting the require for article of clothing, which is a basic necessary of life.
  • It is an industry that is more than undertaking intensive than any other inwards Bangladesh, as well as so plays a critical role in providing exercise for people.
  • It has contributed to use creation, poverty reduction likewise as women empowerment.
  • More than 81% of export earning comes from textile sector.
  • Contributes over thirteen% of gross domestic product, twoscore% industrial value improver comes from the textile sector.
  • Provide huge opportunities for the supporting manufacture banking, insurance, transport, carry, toiletries, cosmetics, hotel too other related economical activities.
  • Provide 55 lakh of use where fourscore% are women
  • 150 lakh of peoples in support industries depend on this trade.
  • Provides two lakh jobs inwards waste recycling manufacture related to textiles.
Present Scenario of Textile Sector in Bangladesh:

H5N1) Spinning sector:
Different types of yarns are produced at this sector. 100% of yarn is used inwards domestic as well as exported oriented weaving as well as knitting mills inwards People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The situations of spinning sectors are given bellow:

Textile  and clothing sector plays a vital role in the growth of economy Bangladesh Textile Industry: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges
Fig: Spinning sector of People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Table-2: Number of spinning mills
Ring spinning
Ring spinning with open up-finish capacity
Rotor/open up-stop
Synthetic yarn mills

  • No. of spindle- 87 lakh
  • No. of rotor- ii.3 lakh
  • Production capacity-205.0 heart and soul Kg
  • Employment- 4 lakh
Spinning sector is facing strong competition from the competition like Republic of India due to the cost fluctuation of raw cotton.

B) Weaving department:
There are diverse designs together with construction oriented woven material are produced past this sector. Mainly plain weave cloth is major production. This sector can produce alone xl% of woven fabrics for woven RMG. The situation of weaving sectors of Bangladesh are given below:

Table-iii: Weaving mills

Home textiles

  • Looms -17,000 shuttle less too xiii,000 shuttle
  • Production capacity- 215 inwardness meter
  • Employment -eighty,000
C) Power loom sector:
Mainly synthetic too specialized products are produced. Share, lungi, too gamcha besides produced at this sector. Local principal textile manufacture meets ninety% of domestic cloth postulate.
  • No. of units – 1065
  • Production capacity – twoscore kernel meter
  • Employment -43,000
D) Hand loom:
This sector is rattling erstwhile in addition to traditional sector of Bangladesh. Jamdani, and banarosi similar luxurious portion are produced past this sector. The manus loom industry provides utilisation for a large segment of the rural population of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. It as well helps in self use of rural women.
  • No. of units – 1,83,512
  • Production capacity – 837 pith mtr.
  • No. of paw looms – 5.05 lakh
  • Employment – x.ii lakh (fifty% female)
  • The manufacture also supplies a large component of the cloth required past the local market.
  • People’s Republic of Bangladesh manus loom board looks subsequently the sector.
E) Knitting, knit dyeing:
There are 2 types of knitting too knit dyeing factory inward Bangladesh. Some manufacturing plant produce fabric for export call for as well as large no. of manufacturing plant create knit textile for domestic require. Local knit sector tin can render 80% of knit cloth for knit RMG.

No. of units-

  • Export oriented 800
  • Local 2000
Production capacity –
  • Export 360.0 meter.
  • Domestic fifty.0 pith meter
Employment- sixty,000

F) Dyeing as well as finishing sector:
These manufacturing plant process the grey woven together with knit cloth together with produce different colored dyed and printed material. During wet processing of material these mills consume a huge sum of cloak-and-dagger water too produced waste matter H2O (effluent).

  • No. of units – 320
  • Production capacity – 172.0 center meter.
  • Employment – 33,000 
Textile  and clothing sector plays a vital role in the growth of economy Bangladesh Textile Industry: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges
Fig: Dyeing sector of People’s Republic of Bangladesh
thousand) RMG sector in Bangladesh:
  • No. of units – 5063
  • Production capacity – 22.323 sum dozen
  • Employment 36 lakh, where fourscore% are female person workers.
Textile  and clothing sector plays a vital role in the growth of economy Bangladesh Textile Industry: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges
Fig: Ready-made garment sector of Bangladesh

Contribution of RMG sector in national economic system of People’s Republic of Bangladesh:

  • In fiscal 2010-11, the contribution of RMG (woven in addition to knitwear) to national export was 78.14 percentage or $17.91 billion compared with 77.12 pct or 412.l billion inwards financial 2009-11.
  • Total export was $22.93 billion inwards 2010-eleven.
  • Knit habiliment export $nine.49 billion (41.79%)
  • Woven garments export $eight.43 billion (36.79%)
  • In abode cloth, terry towel and specialized material were included inwards the RMG sector, the share of the total export would cross 80 per centum inwards fiscal 2010-xi.
  • In 2010-11, earnings from habitation textile export were worth $78.88 core, (iii.44%) patch terry towel earned 412.0 centre (0.52%).
Textile  and clothing sector plays a vital role in the growth of economy Bangladesh Textile Industry: Present Scenario, Future Prospects and Challenges
Fig: People’s Republic of Bangladesh RMG export earning (Source: BKMEA)

The garment manufacturing sector inward People’s Republic of Bangladesh has a novel slogan: “$l billion by 2021.” It’sec an ambitious vision to attain $50bn inwards exports past 2021, the 50th anniversary of the Republic of Bangladesh.

RMG marketplace:
All land of European Union (EU) and United States are the major buyer of the RMG of Bangladesh. There are 52% RMG export in European Union in addition to 26% in USA. Mainly European Union is knit RMG marketplace as well as United States of America is a woven RMg marketplace. Among all of export inward US 86% is RMG, in which 42% of full woven export too 12% of total knit export.

H) Sericulture sector:
This sector is related to the production of silk worm, cocoon, silk yarn together with material. Cultivation of mulberry trees for feeding of silk worm is closely associated to development of sericulture sector. People’s Republic of Bangladesh sericulture board looks afterward this sector together with concentrated mainly in Rajshahi surface area of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. This sector contributes to the rural economy of women folk.

  • Silk yarn production – half-dozen.94 lakh kg
  • Cocoons production – 117.26 kg
  • Employment -half dozen.0 lakhs
  • No. of pocket-size too big scale manufacturing plant- 72

I) Jute sector:
Jute was a golden fiber of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Before 1980 jute earn a huge amount of foreign currency as well as the economy of People’s Republic of Bangladesh was depend on jute. The market place of jute was decreasing for depression toll of synthetic polyethylene. Till today jute is used at unlike sectors due to environmental friendly reason.

Total jute fiber production – 50-threescore lakhs bale
Export: in 2009-10:

  • Raw jute – 44.70 lakhs bale
  • Jute products -ix.05 lakhs ton

Export earning:

  • Raw jute – TK 1357 inwardness
  • Jute production – TL 3697 centre
  • In 2010-eleven: jute export $one.0 billion- iv.36% of full export.

Future Prospects in addition to Challenges in Bangladesh Textile Sector:

  1. As the population is growing too the standard of living is increasing inwards Bangladesh, the involve for textiles is increasing apace.
  2. Moreover, increase rate of RMG export will go on every bit Bangladesh has border over other competitors due to depression task toll.
  3. This present an urgent take to dramatically increase capacities in spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing, printing together with finishing sub-sectors.
  4. This volition ask the adoption of the almost mod too appropriate applied science to ensure character products at competitive prices.
  5. To be competitive in the global market place both inward terms of price and character.
  6. Production in addition to export of high value added products for higher memory of foreign telephone exchange.
  7. To get complimentary excess to the U.S.A. market.
  8. Diversification of export items together with finding new goal for export.
  9. To proceed upwardly the high increase charge per unit of RMG export.
  10. Expansion of infrastructure such as road, port, and railway capacities to accommodate import together with exports.
  11. Shortage of gas too ability supply.
  12. Environmental pollution.
  13. Financial novel cloth projects together with high cost of borrowing.
  14. Lack of technical in addition to market inquiry facilities.
  15. Shortage of skilled manpower.

Way forrad:

1. Attaining self sufficiency inwards yarn too cloth product to ensure that the export oriented RMG industries material needs tin can be run across locally.

  • To ensure higher memory
  • To create utilization chance
  • To eliminate dependability of technician from overseas countries.

two. Giving more emphasis on research for

  • Production development for export diversification in addition to export of higher value added product.
  • Process evolution for price minimization in addition to character improvement.
  • Market enquiry for finding new destinations of export too for sustainable increase of exports.

three. Ensuring the sub-sectors of the industry is improve articulated resulting inwards a more than synchronized evolution inward the industry.

iv. Govt. policy supporting

  • The spinning sector to rest competitive too sustainable.
  • Reduction important duty on mechanism, raw material too dyes and chemicals.
  • Financial back up to establish novel cloth industries inward soft term.

five. Improvement of the route in addition to the communication infrastructure.
half-dozen. Ensuring power as well as gas render.
seven. Diplomatic efforts to ensure duty costless access to US market as well as the finding new destinations of export.
8. Emphasis on quality fabric didactics to furnish skilled manpower.
ix. Appropriate steps ensuring protection of environmental pollution.

Table-four: Textile sector of People’s Republic of Bangladesh at a glance

Type of factory
No. of unit
205 center kg
four lakh
215 heart meter
410 centre meter
twoscore heart meter
837 heart and soul meter
10.two lakh
Dyeing Finishing
172 substance meter
44.iv heart and soul dozens
36 lakh
six.94 lakh kg
vi lakh

nine.05 lakh ton



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